Monday 8 July 2019
Dear Economic Secretary,
We write to you as the leaders of charities, faith groups, trade unions, think tanks and research institutions to express our deep concern about the lack of action on predatory lending by the Financial Conduct Authority as part of its recent High Cost Credit Review.
Levels of unsecured household debt are now very close to the levels seen just prior to the 2008 financial crisis, with no sign of abating in the near future. A combination of low wages, insecure work, and cuts to social security mean that growing numbers of families across the country have no choice but to turn to high cost lenders just to make ends meet.
We welcome the commitments the Government has made in respect of household debt, including its stated intention to introduce a Breathing Space scheme and to assess the feasibility of a nointerest loans scheme.
However, the scale of the household debt crisis is such that it requires much more significant political intervention. We believe that the Government is under-estimating the extent and severity of the household debt trap, and lacks sufficient urgency in its approach.
Recent analysis by members of the End the Debt Trap coalition has shown that:
• Unsecured credit has grown 6 times faster than wages in real terms over the last 5 years
• Nearly 9 million people (over three million households) are spending more than a quarter of their income on debt repayments
• Just under half of these severely indebted households earn less than £15,000 per year
• The poorest fifth of households with credit cards now typically spend around 20% of their monthly income on credit card payments
In this context of growing financial pressures on households, it is imperative that the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) uses all of the powers available to it to curb exploitative and predatory lending. The FCA has a duty to protect consumers, and the Government has given it the power to cap the cost of credit if it believes this is necessary to protect consumers.
The cost cap on pay day loans, implemented in 2015, has led to savings of approximately £150 million for nearly three quarters of a million users of pay day loans. As part of its recent High Cost Credit review, the FCA has decided to implement a similar cost cap on the rent-to-own sector, which it predicts will save consumers around £22.7 million per year.
Yet, despite widespread evidence of exploitative interest rates and charges in other consumer credit products – overdrafts, credit cards and doorstep loans – the FCA has decided not to implement a cost cap in these sectors.
With its review of high cost credit now drawing to a close, it will be at least
three years before there is another opportunity for users of these credit products to receive greater cost protections. With the economic risks and uncertainty posed by Brexit, this can only mean one thing: that the debt trap deepens for millions of families across the country.
A market-wide total cost cap on consumer credit is essential if we are to build the financial resilience and wellbeing of households, especially those living on low incomes.
We believe the FCA’s failure to deliver such a cap calls into question its credibility in respect of consumer protection.
We note that where the Treasury is concerned that a ‘regulatory failure’ has occurred, it has the power to order an investigation into the reasons for this (Section 77, Financial Services Act 2012).
We therefore urge you to exercise this power, and to order an investigation into the FCA’s failure to introduce a market-wide cost cap.
We look forward to hearing from you.
Alan Campbell, Founder, Debt Hacker
Albert Persaud, Co-Founder: The Centre for Applied Research and Evaluation
Anna Feuchtwang, Chief Executive, National Children’s Bureau
Anna Laycock, Chief Executive Officer, Finance Innovation Lab
Ann Pettifor, Director, Policy Research in Macroeconomics
Asad Rehman, Executive Director, War on Want
Ashley Seager, Co-founder, Intergenerational Foundation
Dr Christopher Harker, Associate Professor, Institute for Global Prosperity
Damon Gibbons, Director, Centre for Responsible Credit
Fanny Malinen, Co-Director, Research for Action
Fran Boait, Executive Director, Positive Money
Giovanni Soffietto, Founding Director, British Martial Arts & Boxing Association
Ian Hodson, National President, Bakers’, Food & Allied Workers Union
Jamie Burton, Chair, Just Fair
Dr Johnna Montgomerie, Reader in International Political Economy, Kings College London
Joseph Howes, Chief Executive Officer, Buttle UK – For Children and Young People
Judith Moran, Director, Quaker Social Action
Dr Mary-Ann Stephenson, Director, UK Women’s Budget Group
Manuel Cortes, General Secretary, Transport Salaried Staffs’ Association
Miatta Fahnbulleh, Chief Executive, New Economics Foundation
Rev Paul Nicolson, Founder, Taxpayers Against Poverty
Raji Hunjan, Chief Executive Officer, Zacchaeus 2000 Trust
Ross Hendry, Chief Executive, Spurgeons Children’s Charity
Sarah-Jayne Clifton, Director, Jubilee Debt Campaign
Tom Kibasi, Director, Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR)
Prof Venu Dhupa, Director of Action & Advocacy, Community Links
Victoria Benson, Chief Executive Officer, Gingerbread
Dr Wanda Wyporska, Executive Director, The Equality Trust
We would be grateful if you could send your response care of:
Sarah-Jayne Clifton – Director
Jubilee Debt Campaign
The Grayston Centre
28 Charles Square
Tel: 020 7324 4722